Polish National Park established in 1954 on the area of the then Cracow Province. It is located in southern Poland , in Suski and Nowotarski County (Malopolskie Province) , near the border with Slovakia.
In the Babia Góra National Park, which covers area of 3395 hectares, in order to preserve the natural heritage there are three types of protection: strict, active and landscape. Strict protection covers a nearly 1/3 of the Park. The strictly protected area includes: subalpine zone, lower subalpine forest, alpine level’s spruce forests and lower montane forest fragments.
The most important types of eco-systems are forest and non-forest eco-systems.
The undeniable natural advantage in alpine level’s spruce forests and lower montane forest fragments are forests of a pristine character. BgPN is a place of occurrence of many rare and interesting species of fungi, plants and animals. One can meet here plans, that do not occur in other parts of Poland (alpine mouse-ear); plants, that are rare and endangered with extinction (Aconitum moravicum, Tozzia carpatica), as well as many species under legal protection.
The Babia Góra was listed close to 630 species of vascular plants, 280 species of Bryophytes and more than 1300 of various fungi and Lichens. The fauna is also very rich and diversified – more than 4500 species and subspecies of animals. It is a refuge among other for the bear, wolf, lynx, which, due to the strong human pressure rarely occur outside protected areas. The nature of strict protection consists of an omission in these areas of any human activity, because the goal of this type of protection is to preserve wildlife in its natural state. On the protected areas active measures are carried out to restore the proper species composition and appropriate structure. In the areas of landscape protection, due to the ownership of land force keeping the sustainable use of forests and glades is in force. It is very important in this zone to preserve all existing non-forest communities and landscape values.
Area of Babia Góra National Park is available for tourism purposes, while the method and scope of the tourist use should not harm the nature. A well-developed network of hiking trails, maintained at the appropriate level tourist infrastructure, location Hostels PTTK at Markowe Szczawiny and post of GOPR conducive to increasing the attractiveness of the highest peaks of Polish Beskidy and increasing the safety of all those, who want to discover it.
In the area of Babia Góra National Park there are set out about 50 km of hiking trails, 6.2 km of ski trails, called pistes, 11.5 km bike trails, 2 km horse riding trails and 30 km of educational paths.
For the alleviation the burden of tourism and preparation of more attractive educational offer, Babia Góra National Park created 9 educational paths, including one Polish - Slovak. Nature trails are located in the lower parts of Babia Góra, just outside the park (70% paths lead through hiking trails). They were made more attractive by educational boards. Due to the low degree of difficulty, educational paths are of a particular interest among primary school children, as well as families with young children and the elderly people.
One of the tasks of Babia Góra National Park is the educational activity. Educational offer BgPN is addressed to different audiences: children, school children, students, adults, people with different degrees and different forms of disability. Park visitors can participate in stationary or field classes.
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